Description of the history Gorizia

Gorizia is a city in Italy, in the Friuli-Venezia Giulia region, in the province of Gorizia, on the border with Slovenia. On the other side of the border Gorizia’s sister city, Nova Gorica, is located.  How did they come to be sisters?

After World War II, under the Treaty of Paris signed in 1947 between the anti-Hitler coalition and the allies of the Third Reich, in 1948 the city was divided into two parts – most of Gorizia became part of Italy, and only small eastern areas fell to Yugoslavia.  In the same year, the city of Nova Gorica was established on the (currently) Slovenian side of the border.

Today these towns are sister cities.  After Slovenia joined the European Union, the border separating these two cities was no longer very important.  Formally, it still exists, but today it is more symbolic.  You can’t even feel it when you cross the border between these countries.  Modern Gorizia and Nova Gorica live as one city, and the fact that they are divided by a border has no significance for their inhabitants.


Tourist attractions in Gorizia
  • Numerous parks and gardens, the presence of which was once taken care of by Maria Teresa during her reign.
  • Brogo Castello is the point from which you can see the entire panorama of the city
  • The most beautiful neoclassical buildings at Palazzo Attems in Piazza De Amicis, where there is a picture gallery and the city archive.
  • Museo di Storia e Arte (Tue-Sun 10.00-12.00 and 15.00-18.00) is located in Borgo Castello. It houses collections of local folk art and crafts.
  • Porta Leopoldina is a historic gate
  • Castello di Gorizia – a castle surrounded by a vast medieval park
  • The old town with palaces, historic churches and the Neptune Fountain is also worth seeing.
Local delicacies

There are many places serving tasty ice-creams and sorbets which are worth going to on hot days. Surrounded by numerous vineyards, the city encourages to taste excellent wines produced in this region. The place that is particularly recommended is Enoteca BC3 in Castello di Gorizia.  An unforgettable attraction for wine lovers can be a sunset walk between the vineyards.